How Intelligent Video Can Make Smart Cities See

A smart city is an urban environment that integrates information and communication technology (ICT) with Internet of Things (IoT) technology in a secure fashion to manage a city’s assets. Cutting-edge technology is required to make a city like this work, and video management software plays an important role in making the establishment of a smart city a success but not only for the obvious reasons such as securing assets and people. The visual data is giving so much more information to the city’s management, as they gain accurate situational information just by looking at the video feeds.

Global City Surveillance Market Forecast to 2022, new research from Frost & Sullivan’s Security Growth Partnership Subscription, finds that spending will increase across the city surveillance industry due to decreasing Internet Protocol (IP) network camera prices and continued improvements in analytics, video management software (VMS), and smarter storage technologies.

A smart city needs to see

Large cities like Singapore are ready to harvest the benefits of intelligent video. In its ambition to become the world’s first smart nation, Singapore has identified five domains in which technology will have an impact: transport, home & environment, business productivity, health and enabled ageing, and public-sector services.

Like Singapore, Dubai also launched a Smart City initiative with a boldly stated goal: “We are making Dubai the happiest city on earth by embracing technology innovation, making Dubai a more seamless, safe, efficient and personalized city experience for all residents and visitors.”

Led by the Smart Dubai vision, over 100 smart initiatives and more than 1,000 smart services by two dozen government departments and private sector partners were delivered in less than three years. This year, the government of the UAE announced a Strategy for Artificial Intelligence and appointed a Minister for AI. According to H.H. Sheikh Mohammed: “AI is the new wave after the Smart Government upon which all our services, sectors and future infrastructure will rely”.

Intelligent systems are the key to manage smart cities

Video plays an important role in the smart city concept.  And the amount of digital video to keep citizens safe and protect city assets is rising sharply. Data from sensors and alarms are being added, in order to give better evaluations from the systems. With all this happening, we need to scale out – and more operators are not the way.

Video intelligence will save time and money

The big question is – how do we handle all this data securely and intelligently to help us make optimal decisions? At the same time, we need to improve safety levels and react faster. The only way to deal with all the visual data is to get help from intelligent video management systems that enable the operators to take better decisions more quickly and proactively avoid incidents. The ability to react faster to any incident will limit the impact and the cost of handling the incident. The ability to ward off incidents with predictive abilities in the VMS would be even better. Luckily this is actually the next phase in the digital video evolution that the Milestone Systems open platform architecture has started.

Learning systems in the future

Intelligent learning technologies are now advancing video content analysis far beyond the capabilities of legacy, rule-based analytics systems. Today, rather than just evaluating a few pre-defined situations, intelligent video technology can learn directly from the video about objects and their normal relations and behavior. The system will then alert the operator to unusual activities with a qualified recommendation. This leads to better informed decisions and higher efficiency.

In the longer term, we believe these learning abilities will lead to predictive systems alerting the operator before an incident might happen. This will be a major time saver. But the VMS has to be prepared for the onrush of data in order to respond fast enough. This means deploying hardware acceleration to a high degree and integrating intelligent learning systems. This is happening right now with our VMS software.

The next steps are steps we take together

This step into the world of intelligent video is not a step any VMS manufacturer can take alone. There is a need for highly specialized knowledge, and new specialized services. This can only be achieved in a community context. For us there is no doubt that the Milestone community of alliance partners will bring the needed functionality, devices and infrastructure to boost intelligent video solutions. This will give our integration partners new possibilities for delivering innovative solutions today for the cities of tomorrow.

Future cities are cities with vision

Future smart cities will also contain smart, intelligent buildings with their own micro-infrastructure connected to sensors around the city. And the potential is vast as we are most likely to see an increase in the connectivity between water sensors, heating sensors and electricity sensors with video management software, cameras and data centers – which is basically what constitutes the infrastructure of a smart city.

Smart city buildings will be sensors and at the same time clients in the city’s information infrastructure. This could enable buildings to collaborate. One example of this is parking – one building could rent free parking space to another building, where a large meeting is taking place. Open platform video management software and its ability to integrate with other technologies will be a prerequisite for ensuring smoother and more efficient operations once transportation, public information systems and law enforcement are truly connected.

A couple of other examples of how video management software can be used smartly – and way beyond security – is to increase efficiency in public operations. Thailand’s largest state-owned power producer is now using Milestone’s scalable and cost-efficient open platform video management software to cut labor costs by 35 percent and improve safety and security.

Video management software could and should play a vital role in the technological community that forms the basis of smart cities and nations, so if the security industry wants a slice of the cake, it’s time to start thinking far beyond traditional applications.

By Christian Ringler, Director – DACH, Middle East & Africa, Milestone Systems

Christian Ringler gave a keynote presentation at the Intersec 2018 security trade show in Dubai earlier this month: “Hardware accelerated video content analysis and the Internet of Things – how this works for surveillance”.